Become a WA Fire Fighter

There is no single path to the profession of firefighting in Washington State, but there are some basic qualifications; you should be over 18 years of age, have earned a high school diploma or GED, and possess a valid driver’s license.

Anacortes new recruits

Anacortes new recruits in training

How do I become a fire fighter in Washington State?

Firefighting is a physically demanding job, and a first step in your career path might be to complete the Candidate Physical Abilities Test (CPAT).  This is a test designed to provide fire departments with pools of candidates who are physically able to perform essential job tasks at fire scenes.

Each fire department employs a different process for recruiting, training and hiring.  To learn what these requirements are, contact your City, Fire District, or Regional Fire Authority.

Fire Science degrees are offered at several educational institutions around the state including:


Volunteering, particularly in rural communities, can be a great way to learn more about the fire service.  

Many departments rely on centralized private training organizations to test candidates for jobs. The National Testing Network and Public Safety Testing and Bates Joint Recruitment Testing provide testing and forward test scores and information to departments with open positions.

For more information about how to become a firefighter, visit the International Association of Firefighters (IAFF) site.